UNSCR 1696 (2006) On July 31, 2006, the UNSC passed its first resolution regarding Iran’s nuclear ambitions. UNSCR 1696 called on the regime to suspend its enrichment program and comply with the IAEA Board of Governor’s requirements. Iran refused to cooperate and comply with UNSCR 1696 as well as subsequent demands of the international community, including additional UNSC requests and resolutions. Therefore, in December 2006, the UNSC passed UNSCR 1737.

UNSC Resolution 1701 (2006) Ended the Second Lebanon War; ordered the deployment of the Lebanese army along the border with Israel and banned the armed presence of Hezbollah in the vicinity to the Israeli-Lebanese border. It also put an embargo on weapon shipments to Hezbollah.

UNSCR 1757 (2007) On February 14, 2005, former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik al-Hariri was assassinated in Beirut. The United Nations Security Council created a special team and launched an investigation to determine who killed al-Hariri. Based on their findings, on May 30, 2007, the UNSC adopted UNSCR 1757, authorizing an international tribunal’s formation to investigate the assassination. The body was called the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL). Its mandate was to investigate people only. It did not have the authority to bring organizations or governments to trial. The tribunal was empowered to act under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter. Chapter 7 allows the use of force and sanctions against countries that do not cooperate with the STL’s orders and demands.

UNSC 1737 (2006) The first international resolution that imposed sanctions on Iran for not complying with previous demands and continuing its uranium enrichment program. UNSCR 1737 demanded that Iran halt its uranium enrichment program. UNSC Resolution 2216 (2015) Demands the Houthis withdraw from all areas seized during the conflict, relinquish the arms they took from military and security institutions, and restore the authority of the legitimate Government of Yemen. The Houthis ignored the resolution.

UNSCR 2231 (2015) The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231 and adopted on July 20, 2015. Iran’s compliance with the nuclear-related provisions of the JCPOA was to be verified by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) according to certain requirements outlined in the agreement.

UNSCR 2259 (2015) In December 2105, in an attempt to end the civil war in Libya and resolve the dispute between the eastern and western seats of government, the United Nations brokered an agreement known as the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) or the Skihrat Agreement (since it was signed in Skihrat, Morocco). The LPA created a Presidency Council—a body tasked to form a unity government.

UNSCR 2259 endorsed the agreement and called on the Presidency Council to form a Government of National Accord (GNA). The GNA was to be the official government of Libya, and it was to be based in Tripoli, which is in western Libya. The UNSCR also called on all member states to not support or contact any other entity outside of the GNA that claims to be the official representative or government of Libya.

UNSC Resolution 2451 (2018) In December 2018, the UNSC unanimously passed Resolution 2451 endorsing the Yemenite Government and the Houthis agreement, known as the Stockholm Agreement or the Al-Hodeidah Agreement. The goal of the deal was to stop the violence and alleviate the escalating humanitarian crisis. According to the agreement, Hodeidah, occupied by the Houthis, and the surrounding area were to be demilitarized. And the UN was to monitor the al-Hodeidah ports. Thus far, the Stockholm Agreement and the UNSC Resolution 2451 have not been implemented

Watan The Homeland

Wataniya Particularistic nationalism emphasizes the state’s unique characteristics (local history, traditions, societal fabric, dialect, etc.) and its independence and sovereignty.

Zionism The Jews’ return to their homeland and restoring Jewish sovereignty in their ancient Jewish homeland, known as Eretz Israel or Zion.

If you want to have a better understanding of the news and what really drives the unfolding events…
Read the latest book of Avi Melamed,

Follow me on Twitter @AviMelamed; Facebook @InsideTheMiddleEast; for more Videos on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/c/AviMelamed

Previous article
Next article
Avi Melamed
Avi Melamedhttps://insidethemiddle-east.com
Avi Melamed is an expert on current affairs in the Arab & Muslim World and their impact on Israel & the Middle East. A former Israeli Intelligence Official & Senior Official on Arab Affairs, Fluent in Arabic, English, and Hebrew, he has held high-risk Government, Senior Advisory, Intelligence & Counter-Terrorist intelligence positions in Arab cities & communities - often in very sensitive times - on behalf of Israeli Government agencies. He is the Founder & CEO of Inside the Middle East | Intelligence Perspectives - an apolitical non-partisan curriculum using intelligence methodology to examine the Middle East. As an Author, Educator, Expert, and Strategic Intelligence Analyst, Avi provides Intelligence Analysis, Briefings, and Geopolitical Tours to diplomats, Israeli and foreign policymakers, global media outlets, and a wide variety of international businesses, organizations, and private clients on a range of Israel and Middle East Affairs.

JOIN THE HUB Newsletter


JCC Association partnership | Former Israeli intelligence officer shares insights during visit to Pittsburgh | “The Jewish Chronicle”

We are pleased to share the coverage of the JCC Association partnership, Jewish Community Center of Greater Pittsburgh, by David Rullo as originally published...

Former Israeli Intelligence Official Briefs Communal Leaders | JCC on the Palisades

We are pleased to share the coverage of the JCC Association partnership, Kaplen JCC on the Palisades, by JLNJ Staff as originally published in...

Movers and shakers in Israeli society | The Seam Line New Docuseries | JERUSALEM POST

Article by GREER FAY CASHMAN, about the "Movers and shakers in Israeli society" including Avi Melamed’s docuseries on Jerusalem, The Seam Line.Full article here...

Avi Melamed in the Israel’s GPO (Government Press Office)

Avi Melamed’s full article about “PIJ - Israel skirmish: Hamas ‘sitting on the fence’ policy approaches a pivotal junction,” recommended in the Israel’s GPO...


Israel Normalization Discussed in MBS Meeting | I24-News

Avi Melamed for I24 News shedding light on Israel normalization discussed in MBS meeting | I24-News | Full Interview | June 2023 https://youtu.be/2vk68NNDfOU Avi Melamed for...

Iranian FM tours Israeli border during Lebanon Visit | I24-News

Avi Melamed for I24 News shedding light on Iranian FM touring Israeli border during Lebanon Visit | Full Interview | April 2023 https://youtu.be/RxbVVGpbnsM Avi Melamed for...

Israelis Warn Tensions Are Growing with Iran | VOA NEWS

Avi Melamed provides insights on the tensions Growing with Iran for Linda Gradstein on VOA News (Voice of America) https://youtu.be/0JgtynmcXRs Avi Melamed provides insights on the...

Tensions remaining high as Jews banned from the Temple Mount | I24-News

Avi Melamed for I24 News shedding light on the tensions remaining high as Jews banned from the Temple Mount | April 2023) People talking...


Could the Deal Between Iran and Saudi Arabia Be Good for Israel? | Radio France International _ RFI

Interview of Avi Melamed on Radio France International RFI discussing the deal between between Saudi Arabia and Iran | ITME HUB, as originally broadcasted...


The Briefing Room by Inside The Middle-East | An insider access to the most current geopolitical analysis from across the Arab world. WHAT IS THE...

Jerusalem Press Club | Reality of Terror Wave Stronger than Politics

Interview by the Jerusalem Press Club | Reality of Terror Wave Stronger than Politics |Avi Melamed thinks the short round with Gaza last week...

Avi MELAMED's Insights For the ITME HUB

IRAN Insights

Iran-Saudi agreement brokered by China validates prediction I made in my recent book. China, the rising power in Middle East will block Iran's path to a nuclear weapon. That's what the agreement achieves. For now.

SYRIA Insights

Hamas's strategy to fan the flames of violence in the West Bank & leave Gaza out might backfire. Playing with fire – Hamas might get burned.

ISRAEL Insights

Hamas's strategy to fan the flames of violence in the West Bank & leave Gaza out might backfire. Playing with fire – Hamas might get burned.

LEBANON Insights

Spiraling towards total collapse, Lebanon is, first and foremost, a victim of itself.